Tamil Nadu Sambo Association – TNSA is Registered Under Tamil Nadu Society Registeration Act,1975 (Tamil Nadu Act 27 of 1975), Government of Tamil Nadu And Established for the overall promotion and development of Sambo Sport in Tamil Nadu. The overall aim of TNSA is to popularise this tremendous sport, “Sambo”, for youth and growing children of Tamil Nadu by conducting training seminars, tournaments ,etc. At School, District,State Level, etc. TNSA is the Sole State Authority of sambo in Tamil Nadu.
Sambo, which stands for "SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya" in Russian, translates to "self-defense without weapons." It is a modern martial art and combat sport that originated in the Soviet Union in the early 1920s. Sambo is a dynamic and versatile martial art that incorporates elements of judo, wrestling, jiu-jitsu, and other styles.
Sambo was developed in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. It draws from traditional martial arts and combines them with effective techniques from various cultures.
Sambo emphasizes throws, takedowns, joint locks, and ground-fighting techniques. It also includes striking techniques, but they are not as prominent as in some other martial arts. The art focuses on leverage and using an opponent's energy against them. It aims to neutralize the opponent's attacks and gain a tactical advantage.
Practitioners typically wear a jacket (kurtka) and shorts during training and competition. The kurtka is similar to a judo gi but is more durable and designed to withstand the rigorous grappling and throwing in Sambo.
Sambo competitions take place in a defined mat area and can be won by throwing the opponent, pinning them to the ground, or submitting them with joint locks or strangles. There are two main styles of Sambo: Sport Sambo, which is focused on competitions and has a well-defined set of rules, and Combat Sambo, which incorporates elements of military training and self-defense.
Sambo training includes practicing techniques, sparring, conditioning, and drills. It emphasizes developing agility, strength, flexibility, and quick reflexes. The philosophy of Sambo emphasizes practical self-defense, adaptability, and a balance between defense and offense. Sambo has evolved over the years, and different regions may have variations in style and techniques. It has become an integral part of various martial arts communities and is appreciated for its effectiveness and practical applications in both sport and self-defense contexts.